Patellofemoral Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
Patellofemoral Syndrome is a medical condition in which a patient suffers from pain in the front part of the knee. This pain is around the patella which is also known as knee cap but it does not cause any damage to the joint. The Patellofemoral Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment are stated below.
This condition exerts extra strain on the knee joint around the surrounding muscles and it can occur because of various reasons. When the knee is used more, usually during sports and other activities, then this condition can emerge. Sometimes, people face issues in the alignment of the knee where the patella rubs instead of gliding on the lower femur. It can be caused because of imbalance in the muscles and sometimes the way the knee is developing can also be responsible.
People with flat feet also face this pain, where the foot is turned inward due to which the knee suffers pressure. Those who wear shoes with hard soles are also prone to this problem as a lot of pressure is exerted on the knee. Hypermobile joints and a lot of injuries in the knee caused due to certain sports can be responsible as well. The muscle strength is reduced and the leg muscles are not able to absorb the stress caused on the knee.
Anyone can suffer from this pain and some of the symptoms which are faced by patients are stated below:
-Pain in the knee where the front or back part or even the knee cap suffers pain.
-Pain in the knee while playing certain sports or while climbing up and down stairs.
-Knee pain after sitting for a prolonged period.
-A grinding and grating sound produced in the knee
-Swelling around the knee
The doctor diagnoses this by examining the knee, family history and symptoms faced by the person. X-Rays and scans are not helpful in diagnosing this condition but it can allow the doctor to check for other possible conditions.
Until the pain is eased, one should not put strain on the knee. If it is given adequate rest, symptoms do improve after a certain period of time. Paracetamol and other painkillers are also taken in this condition to ease the pain. In the long term, if the muscles are strengthened and other foot problems are rectified, the pain gradually disappears. Specific exercises are suggested by the physiotherapist to ease the pain. The inner side of the quadricep muscles is strengthened with exercises and suitable footwear is also suggested.
Other treatments offered are:
-Adhesive tape is applied on the patella to improve movement and alter the alignment
-Use of special brace to eradicate the pain is suggested
-Sometimes to release a tight ligament, surgery may be performed but it is not done in most of the cases.
The outlook is good. However, it may take 3-6 months for full recovery.
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